How to Teach Story Structure?

How to Teach Story Structure?

A solid understanding of the story telling in speech therapy is essential to follow and fully understand the story. However, before you can understand how the narrative structure and narrative activities contribute to the overall meaning and effectiveness of the story, they must first identify the components confidently. So, to understand how to teach story structure we will explore what are these factors? It is useful to divide these elements into two groups. The first group consists of the essential components of the story. It is generally taught to elementary and junior high school students, while the second group consists of more complex elements taught in advance classes. The elements listed below provide a comprehensive overview but do not provide an exhaustive analysis of all possible elements of the story.

Narrative Structure Basics

The narrative structure is probably one of the essential complex language skills needed to succeed in life, relationships and work.

Why is historical grammar essential?

Narrative grammar is a typical flow or pattern of a story. Most oral languages and written stories follow a similar pattern. This model is also known as the grammar or structure of the story. Understanding this pattern is very important for oral language skills (the ability to tell a consistent story), understand oral and written history, and write good stories.

Story grammar and language delay

Children with language delay often have an incomplete mental plan for the structure of the story. It can cause many problems in learning at school, participating in conversations, and telling stories. Suppose a child does not have a solid understanding of the structure of the story. In that case, they will have fewer resources to learn new vocabulary, remember the story and understand deeper language themes.

Why are story elements important?

There are many reasons why you need to be proficient in identifying narrative activities/elements, but especially with a deeper level of understanding and appreciation. Understanding how the story is organized is necessary for students to have access to the story’s highest level of understanding. Understanding how the organized story provides a student or child with a reference frame is beneficial in remembering. In many cases, especially when it comes to exams, the impact here on non-English lessons is also evident. Familiarity with the various elements combined in good storytelling will also help students write. Helps students organize their thoughts and skillfully weave different threads of the story. This is not a small feat for beginners as well as experienced writers.

Five Elements of Narrative Structure

As the child masters the simple ideas of the beginning, middle and end, he is ready to start working with a clearer and more focused structure. A story told by the five elements of the narrative structure is a fully formed story. A story that includes these elements can be very short, but it looks and sounds perfect. More complex stories usually contain repetitions of the second and third structures (complexity and action). Since this story model is plot-based, it focuses on the basic skeleton or structure of the story. Here’s a basic overview of the simple yet basic approach:


It is the starting point of the story where the character is presented, and the current situation is presented. Who is that? And what? That creates the story. “Who are the characters, and what are they doing when the story begins?”


The problems or conditions that disrupt the norm and encourage the character to act. “What happened, what’s wrong?”


It is represented by the character’s efforts to change the situation and reach the goals of the story. “What did the character do to solve the problem?”


The solution is the point of the story in which the complications are dealt with or resolved. It’s time to win or succeed in a problem. “What happened to solve things towards the end of the story, and how did it turn out?”


It is often a signal that the story is over by resolving an open issue, adding comments, and improving the resolution. “How do the characters feel now that the problem is resolved, or what are they doing?”

Advanced Narrative Activities

Once you have sufficient experience recognizing these necessary narrative activities, you can begin working on the more advanced elements of the story. Let’s take a quick look at four of these more advanced elements:


It has to do with the writer’s effect on the reader and how he evokes it by using the language.


To identify the point of view of a story, students need to ask, “Who is telling the story?” Is he the narrator for the first, third, or second (rare) Person? Are they omniscient or restricted from their point of view? Does the viewpoint change for each character?


It is a unique voice of a single author, re-emphasized by his word selection, sentence structure, plot patterns, etc.


The tone of a sentence is established by word selection, literary equipment, rhythm, grammar, rhyme, etc. Tones are the overall “flavor” of a story created by combining all these techniques. It is the attitude that the writer shows towards his/her subject and theme.

These more advanced items are a bit more difficult to define than the items on the basic list, confusing for first-time students. All of these factors relate to word usage. However, style is also related to the purpose of the text, the tone of the author’s attitude towards the subject, and the mood is related to the reader’s attitude towards the subject.

Story telling speech Therapy Techniques

Talk and make a note of components. Then, over time, plan and create visual elements to understand what each component represents (initial events, settings, etc.). In the next session, talk about each photo and talk again while showing the visuals. Next, tell the story and use photos to point out the various components. It is hoped that you will be expressing between the visuals and components of the intended narrative structure. Repeat the story. Alternatively, give a visual when the component is used, or point the component while telling a story.

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