Neurogenic communications are defined as a person’s inability to communicate with other people due to specific problems brought about by the nervous system’s impairment. There are three most common types of neurogenic communication disorders: apraxia of speech, dysarthrias, and aphasia.
Though most often found during adulthood, neurogenic communications disorders may also occur during childhood. These disorders are caused by a variety of reasons and can manifest at any stage of life. This article will show you the types of neurological communications disorders, their causes and effects, and how therapy can help those suffering from them.
Apraxia of Speech
Apraxia of speech is defined as the difficulty of performing accurate movements while speaking despite having normal muscles. It is also described as the brain’s difficulty in coming up with plans for speech movement. This disorder is usually caused by traumatic brain damage such as strokes, infections, and injuries. Still, apraxia of speech may be brought about by genetics.
As stated above, apraxia of speech is the brain’s struggle in coming up with plans for speech movement, meaning that those affected by this disorder will have a hard time speaking correctly. This makes it harder for them to relay information, resulting in frequent misunderstandings and lower self-esteem.
Dysarthrias are characterized by weakened, damaged, or paralyzed speech muscles. This disorder is different from apraxia of speech, seeing as the speech muscles of those with apraxia are normal and not weak or paralyzed. In contrast, the speech muscles of those with dysarthrias are damaged and weak.
Dysarthrias is caused by nervous system disorders, conditions that may cause paralysis of the facial muscles, tongue, throat, and medications. Those affected by this disorder will also have difficulty getting their point across and communicating with others, providing the same effects as that of apraxia.
Aphasia affects the production as well as comprehension of speech and an individual’s ability to read. Causes for this disorder are linked to the brain. Some of its most notable reasons are stroke, head trauma, brain tumors, infections, and other types of brain injuries.
Because aphasias affect comprehension of speech and ability to read, those affected by this disorder may find it difficult to absorb new information and relay that information to others. Its effects on affected individuals are the same as that of dysarthrias and apraxia of speech.
How Can These Disorders be Treated?
If you or someone you know has these disorders, seek out a speech-language pathologist and start therapy. This can ease and lessen the effects of the disorders mentioned above, making communication and learning more comfortable for those who have been diagnosed with and are affected by neurogenic communication disorders.
Though these disorders and their effects may seem incredibly severe and challenging to treat, those affected by these disorders can still reverse their impact by seeking professional help. These issues shouldn’t be stigmatized, so if you or someone you love faces these problems, please do not hesitate to contact a skilled speech pathologist near you.