Speech therapy can encompass language intervention activities, articulation therapy, and resonance therapies, all with the goal of helping the patient communicate more effectively. Many children undergo speech therapy to help correct speech disorders and impairments. Adults with impaired speech due to strokes, brain injuries, or other illnesses also benefit from speech therapy.
WHAT TYPES OF SPEECH DISORDERS AND IMPAIRMENTS DOES SPEECH THERAPY ADDRESS?
- Aphasia is an acquired condition that affects an individual’s ability to understand others and speak in clear language. It frequently makes reading and writing difficult, as well. Aphasia can be caused by brain disorders or be brought on by a stroke.
- Articulation Disorders
- Certain words and sounds are difficult to say for those with articulation disorders. Children displaying articulation disorders can often distort, drop, or swap sounds in words with others. A commonly seen example of an issue with articulation would be saying “Ryan” instead of “lion.”
- Cognitive-Communication Disorders
- Trouble conveying due to a physical issue to the piece of the mind that controls your capacity to think is alluded to as psychological correspondence or cognitive-communication disorder. This can bring about memory issues, impede critical thinking, and cause trouble talking, or understanding. It tends to be brought about by mental issues, such as irregular mental health, certain neurological conditions, a brain injury, or stroke.
- This condition is portrayed by moderate or slurred discourse because of a shortcoming or powerlessness to control the muscles utilized for speech. Nervous system problems usually bring it about and conditions that cause facial loss of motion or throat and tongue shortcoming, for example, multiple sclerosis (MS), amyotrophic sidelong sclerosis (ALS), or a stroke.
- Expressive Disorders
- An expressive language disorder is displayed through trouble passing on or communicating data. People with expressive disorders may experience difficulty shaping exact sentences, for example, utilizing the wrong action word tense. Common causes of expressive disorders include Down Syndrome and hearing loss.
- Fluency Disorders
- Fluency disorders can manifest as stuttering or cluttering speech. Individuals with fluency disorders may experience difficulty getting out a sound. They may have speech that is impeded or interfered with, or may rehash part of the entirety of a word. Cluttered speech results in shortening words and speaking too fast for most others to understand.
- Receptive Disorders
- Receptive disorders cause an individual to have trouble with comprehension and handling what others state. This can make you appear uninterested when somebody is talking, experience difficulty following bearings, or have a restricted jargon.
- Resonance Disorders
- Resonance disorders happen when airflow is obstructed in the oral or nasal cavities causing alterations in speech patterns and low voice quality. Certain neurological disorders, cleft palate, and tonsillitis can cause resonance disorders in speech.
WHAT DOES A SPEECH THERAPIST DO?
The first step to speech therapy is a speech assessment to identify the cause of speech issues to create a treatment plan to address the issues.
For children, speech therapy can be facilitated in a group setting through play therapy. Children are encouraged to practice their speech homework with their families. A speech therapist gives instructions to caregivers to help encourage improvement in speech for children.
For adults, speech therapy is typically done in a one-on-one setting and involves exercises to help with language, speech, and cognitive-communication. Depending on the type of condition, your speech therapy plan may look different from others. These may include breathing exercises, conversational tactics, and memory games.
Speech therapy looks different for each individual, and with the help of an SPL at Absolute Synergy, you can create a path to clear and articulated speech that boosts your confidence and ability to communicate.